After seeing the influences of the Church and Soviet Regime on Polish
society, it could not be overly difficult to estimate how the Polish politics
function for lesbian, gay, bisexual and trans (LGBT) people or in general the
people who are not fitting into Church’s definition of a good Catholic.
Paradowski (2009) states that the first contemporary constitutions started to
emerge and have nowadays meaning of constitutions in the eighteenth century and
the first constitution of Poland has been written by Enlightenment circles,
however, extremely conservative and religious Catholic groups from the Catholic
Church have succeeded to be part of the foundation of the Polish constitution
in 1791. Thus, the first constitution of Poland has been constructed by the
name of the God and around the traditional Christian values and norms. The
influence of the Catholic Church could be found even the latest Constitution of
the Republic of Poland which is established on the second of April 1997 and the
Article 18 of the Constitution of the Republic of Poland states; “Marriage,
being a union of a man and a woman, as well as the family, motherhood, and
parenthood, shall be placed under the protection and care of the Republic of
Poland” (sejm.gov.pl 2017). In other words, the Church has played particularly
a strong role in creating the first modern Polish Constitution and seemingly
continued its power over the Polish public and politics over the centuries and
all these constitutions were combine products of the main Polish Political
thoughts, traditions, and needs of the Republic of Poland in general (Wagner,
1953).

The new constitution of the Republic of Poland is one of the seven
member states of the European Union to prohibit gay marriage as well as does
not allow civil partnership between homosexual partners (Polish president rules
out gay marriage, 2017), which has been clearly defined in the Article 18 of
the Constitution of Poland saying that marriage could only happen between a man
and a woman. The unaccepting atmosphere towards to LGBT individuals could also
be seen on the political scene of the Republic of Poland as well as society
(Jartys, 2015). This unaccepting and no welcome political approach could be
seen with numerous anti-homosexual statements which have been made by several
politicians. For instance; even though the Article 32 of the Constitution of
the Republic of Poland ensure that “No one shall be discriminated against in
political, social or economic life for any reason whatsoever” (sejm.gov.pl
2017), when negotiations on Poland’s accession to the European Union, a woman
presenter, Ewa Haczyk has given this speech;

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 “No citizen of the Union may be discriminated
against because of sexual orientation, religious beliefs, etc. That’s one
thing. Homosexuals are another matter, and this is regulated by national
legislation. Their position within the Polish society will, therefore, depend
on our legislators. So, no-one is going to force it upon us how we should treat
them” (Jartys, 2015 p:11).

 

This hateful statement from a spokeswoman from the government of the
Republic of Poland has shown that political parties of the Republic of Poland
have seen homosexuality as an alien mechanism, as well as Polish society, which
is not considered with Polish nationality but a western value. In addition to
that it is not genuinely surprising that the ruling party of the Republic of
Poland which is Law and Justice Party that has come into power in 2015 by
supporting traditional Polish values, Polish identity, classic family of Poland
that is considered a union between a man and a woman, as well as Catholic
traditions (Polish president rules out gay marriage, 2017).

Since politicians of the
Republic of Poland seen homosexual rights as a national issue and no other
external power, including the European Union, could force Poland to do specific
improvements on LGBT rights rather than national legislators of Poland itself
have made impossible to legalize gay marriage or civil partnership without changing
the present Constitution of the Republic of Poland (Downing & Gillett,
2011). However, there have been two political attempts to change the
Constitution of Poland to create an equal atmosphere between citizens of Poland
no matter what their sexual orientations are. The first attempt has been made
in 2002 and it was a proposal of same-sex marriage which has been proposed by
both homosexual and heterosexual couples, and the second one was a civil
partnership proposal which is submitted in 2003 in order to have an alternative
to gay marriage, yet, both of them have faced with countless intolerant
comments and criticisms from conservative parties, politicians as well as
Catholic Church authorities (Downing & Gillett, 2011). Polish political
approach to LGBT rights and individuals reflects fanatic and nationalist style
which is the result of seeing LGBT community as an alien mechanism and also not
accepting those identities with the identity of Polish because of the fact that
Polish national identity based on patriotism and the Catholic religion
(Chojnicka, 2015).

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